10 BLACK STEM INOVATORS WHO CHANGED WORLD AS WE KNOW IT

This month it is black history month in the UK. there is a lot of underrepresentation in the workforce, however, black innovators have made countless discoveries that have defined the STEM fields.

In honour of Black History Month, I wanted to highlight 10 the individuals, past and present, who should be routinely recognized for their achievements. Shirley Ann Jackson

Shirley Ann Jackson is a Physicist and the president of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. She is the first woman to receive a doctorate from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studying subatomic particles in the 1970s. Shirley was appointed by Bill Clinton to server as the Chairman of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission(becomng the first African American to hold the position). She is now also the 18th president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Guion Bluford Jr.

He is an aerospace engineer and was the first African American man to travel into space. After training in the Air force, he flew 144 combat missions during the Vietnam War. Bluford then went and got a PHD and aimed to work at NASA. He went to space 4 times, working as a specialist on the Challenger. He is not in the Astronaut Hall of Fame Kimberly Bryant

Bryant worked for many years as a successful electrical engineer. While working she noticed that there were very few minorities in the STEM. Coupled witht hat, her daughter Kia was sick of teavhers only focussing on boys during a programming camp as gthat is steriotypically who would do that job. In 2001 she set up a nonprofit called "Black Girls Code" that empowers girls from underrepresented communities by teaching them computer science Katherine Johnson

She was an American mathmatisian and was reacently the focal point of the film Hidden Figures. Her maths calculated the obitatal mechanics that were needed for sucesful fights into space(including John Glenn's flight). It was because of her work that NASA won the space race. Her work "proved as critical to the success of the Apollo Moon landing program and the start of the Space Shuttle program." Julian Manly Earls

In 40 years at NASA, Earls because the first black section head, the first black office chief, the first black division chief and finally the first black deputy director. He also was responsible for writing NASA's first health ohysics guides. Some of the things he reasearch was aeronautical propulsion and microgravity. He was also a federal government advisor Angela Benton

Tech engineer, angela benton, was named one of the most influential women in technology. In 2007 she co-founded Black Web 2.0(now B20) which set out to highlight the talent "of Blacks in the technology and new media industries.” She worked as a web designer, creative director and front end web developer. In 2011 she creared a platform which helps minority and women eutrepreneurs create successful buisnesses. Mae Jemison

In 1992, Jemison was send into orbit on the Endeavour. She was the first African American woman in space. But she hadnt always set her sights on space. In 1977 she got her degree in chemical engerneering and then went to study medicine at Cornell. She then worked at a Peace Corps medical officer and compkleting reasearch. After than she decided to apply to astronait training which finally led her to space. Jerry Lawson

Lawson was a ditrecor of engineering at Fairchild Semiconductor and developed the Fairclid channel F in 1976 which was the precusor to gaming systems such as Play Station and Xbox. The system touted the interchangerable game Valerie Thomas

She was one of the two women in her class majoring in physics at Morgan State University. While working for NASA , she lead the Landsat image processing data system for the first satellites to send images from space. Thomas experimented with concave mirrors and their ability to transmit three-dimensional images. NASA, as well as television and video production, still use the technology today. Mark Dean

While working as an engineer at IBM, Mark Dean helped develop the first PC color monitor as well as the first gigahertz chip and the Industry Standard Architecture system bus that connected accessories such as printers and disk drives directly to the PC. "'A lot of kids growing up today aren't told that you can be whatever you want to be,' Dean has said. 'There may be obstacles, but there are no limits.'"


I hope you enjoyed this blog, feel free to comment any more influential people who you think deserve some recognition who I have not mentioned above :)

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